Vitamin B1 Hypovitaminosis (Thiamine)

What is Vitamin B1 Hypovitaminosis (Thiamine)?

The greatest amounts of this vitamin are found in cereals (especially rice and wheat), yeast. The main functions are: the transformation of amino acids in the body, energy transfer and its transformation, ensuring the normal transmission of nerve impulses between nerve cells.

Causes of Vitamin B1 Hypovitaminosis (Thiamine)

A deficiency in the body of the vitamin is most often associated with reduced and poor nutrition, occurs during the intake of diuretic drugs in large doses, in diseases of the thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus, systematic use of alcohol. Factors contributing to the development of the disease are various pathologies of the stomach and intestines, which are responsible for the absorption of vitamin A, the liver, which is responsible for its further transformation and inclusion in the enzyme systems of the body.

Symptoms of Vitamin B1 Hypovitaminosis (Thiamine)

A deficiency in the body of vitamin B1 leads to the development of the disease, known as beriberi. At the same time, disorders of the nervous, cardiovascular systems, stomach and intestines are prominent, the appearance of edema in the face and joints of the hand is a characteristic sign. Other specific for this disease lesions from the skin are not detected. Often a deficiency in the body of the vitamin occurs when diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, parapsoriasis, systemic lupus erythematosus, photodermatosis, pellagra.

Treatment of Vitamin B1 Hypovitaminosis (Thiamine)

In dermatology, mainly synthetic preparations of vitamin B1 are used. These are mainly liquid forms (solutions) for intramuscular injections. They should be prescribed only by the attending physician, be applied according to strict indications only in cases when the above listed diseases occur. The indications are also such pathologies as neurodermatitis, pruritus, lichen planus, chronic urticaria, a common form of pruritus, vitiligo, shingles, chronic purulent skin lesions, etc.