What is Hyperhidrosis?
A disease that is characterized by excessive sweating due to excessive secretion of sweat glands.
Causes of Hyperhidrosis
Excessive sweating of the entire surface of the skin is very often observed in healthy individuals in cases where intense muscular work occurs, the temperature of the body or the environment rises, etc.
Pathogenesis during Hyperhidrosis
Pathological excessive sweating is observed in patients suffering from severe forms of infectious diseases, tuberculosis, having malignant tumors of various organs and tissues, disorders of the nervous system. These are the causes of the so-called general form of the disease, when there is excessive sweating of the entire surface of the patient’s skin.
There is also a local form of hyperhidrosis, in which sweating appears only in any one limited area. Most often this is observed in the area of the palms, soles, inguinal folds, underarms, the anus, upper lip, nose, chin. The causes of the local form of the disease can also be very diverse.
Symptoms of Hyperhidrosis
With a pathological increase in sweating of hands and feet, they are constantly wet, cold to the touch, the skin in these areas undergo pathological changes due to constant humidity. As a separate type of disease, they distinguish the so-called bromidosis, which is manifested in the separation of a large amount of sweat with a fetid odor. Rarely, so-called colored sweat can occur. He may have a red, blue, yellow, purple color, in even more rare cases – bloody.
In mild cases, the whole therapy is limited to only one measure – limiting the amount of fluid consumed per day. The skin in places of excessive sweating is processed with the help of special solutions. Good therapeutic effect, especially with hyperhidrosis of the feet and palms, is obtained by applying evening baths with a decoction of oak bark and a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After this procedure, wiping the affected areas with special solutions or lotions is shown. In areas of large folds, the skin can be treated with toilet vinegar solutions. In the area of the soles used various powders and powders.
With a common type of hyperhidrosis, such patients must consult a neuropathologist, since in the vast majority of cases the disease is caused by disorders of the nervous system.
Prevention of Hyperhidrosis
So patients should completely abandon the wearing of rubber shoes. Also contraindicated stockings from caprone, socks from synthetic types of fabrics. Daily foot hygiene should be especially carefully carried out. With the general type of the disease, the use of a special Charcot douche technique, other activities related to the use of water, has a good effect. All patients are recommended to practice these or other sports.